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How can expectant mothers be healthy eaters?

Early pregnancy
2019/05/17 15:22
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 Did you become a snack during pregnancy? For the fetus in the abdomen, regardless of the danger of obesity, body shape, the most daily work is to eat, eat, eat. Since you know that it is very important for your baby to eat and supplement nutrition, do you know that if the nutrition is not right, it will also affect the baby's health, or even bury the root of chronic diseases?

  Did you become a snack during pregnancy? For the fetus in the abdomen, regardless of the danger of obesity, body shape, the most daily work is to eat, eat, eat. Since you know that it is very important for your baby to eat and supplement nutrition, do you know that if the nutrition is not right, it will also affect the baby's health, or even bury the root of chronic diseases?


  The harm of abnormal metabolism during pregnancy should not be underestimated!

  Pregnancy seems to be a matter of expectant mothers, but in fact it is a matter of expectant mothers and fetuses. Pregnancy lasts for forty weeks, which is the most important and unique period in a woman's life. For the growth and development of the fetus, the demand for nutrients for expectant mothers has also increased considerably.


  Pregnancy is a window period for the future health of mothers and their offspring, while pregnancy is a window period for women's lifelong health. If abnormal metabolism during pregnancy, overweight and obesity will lead to dyslipidemia, pregnancy-induced hypertension and gestational diabetes mellitus, the latter three are both independent risk factors and mutual risk factors.


  Expectant mothers should not underestimate the abnormal metabolism of pregnancy. In addition to affecting pregnancy, the harm it brings is long-term. Short-term increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and maternal mortality, while long-term increases the risk of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases for pregnant women and their offspring.


  The occurrence of many chronic diseases is related to early life development.

  In 2006, the WHO Nutrition Executive Committee proposed that "from pregnancy to the age of 2 after birth is the window of opportunity to prevent adult chronic diseases through nutritional intervention". The metabolic programmed theory and the hypothesis of fetal origin of adult diseases explain the relationship between early nutrition and adult diseases.


  How do adult diseases occur? Traditionally, genes and adult environments lead to adult diseases. Nutrition is an important environmental factor. According to the latest DOHaD theory, in addition to the above two factors, intrauterine environment and early life environment can also lead to adult diseases. The window of opportunity for early life is 1000 days during pregnancy.


  After years of clinical research, more and more evidence shows that many chronic diseases are related to early life development, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, osteoporosis, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, depression, schizophrenia and so on.


  Nutrition experts issued "nutrition prescriptions during pregnancy", and quickly collect!


  Nutrition is an important environmental factor. Every day, the human body needs to obtain nutrients from food to supply energy, form collective organization and regulate physiological functions. When any kind of nutrition is seriously deficient, it can easily lead to diseases, such as beriberi, rickets, big neck disease and so on. During pregnancy, the correct nutrition supplement is more important. Director Yan prescribed nutrition before pregnancy and during pregnancy for the majority of pregnant women. Learn quickly.


  Nutritional prescription before 3 months of pregnancy: reasonable nutrition, weight control, folic acid supplementation 0.4-0.8 mg per day. Patients with hereditary diseases, chronic diseases and infectious diseases should be pregnant under the guidance of doctors, rational drug use, to avoid affecting the normal development of the fetus. Avoid contact with harmful substances in the living and working environment, change bad habits, maintain mental health, and rationally choose sports.


  Pregnancy nutrition prescription: In addition to the nutritional intake of ordinary people, but also to supplement folic acid, increase iron, iodine-rich food. Adequate supplementation of milk, fish, poultry and eggs should be increased in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. When pregnancy and vomiting are serious, we should eat less and eat more meals, walk in moderation, and maintain good living habits.


  In particular, mothers-to-be are reminded that when they eat too much food, obesity during pregnancy can cause many problems and increase the risk of pregnancy complications. The fetus is also affected, and many children are obese to a large extent because their mothers are obese during pregnancy. Therefore, appropriate weight gain can help prevent abnormal metabolism during pregnancy and reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes.

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